Culturally Responsive Teaching (CRT)

“Culture is the widening of the mind

and of the spirit.”

Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India

What is it?

Culturally Responsive Teaching is an approach to enhance and engage student involvement through a variety of connections (Noguera, 2015). There is growing evidence that strong, continual engagement among diverse students requires a holistic approach - that is, an approach where the how, what, and why of teaching are unified and meaningful (Ogbu, 1995; Kiyama & Aguilar-Rios, 2017).

Why is it important?

Culturally responsive, inclusive teaching practices lay the foundation for building content knowledge and provide opportunity for social and emotional learning within a classroom community (Ladson-Billings, 2001).

Our Goal:

To improve mastery of rigorous academic standards in mathematics and disciplinary literacy for students with diverse learning needs, using culturally responsive teaching practices within classroom and school cultures to develop safe, caring, and inclusive classrooms and schools.


CEEDAR Center - Culturally Responsive Teaching Portfolio and Resources

IRIS Center Module - Cultural and Linguistic Differences


Kiyama, J. M., & Rios-Aguilar, C. (Eds.). (2017). Funds of knowledge in higher education: Honoring students’ cultural experiences and resources as strengths. Routledge.

Ladson-Billings, G. (2004). Crossing Over to Canaan.: The Journey of New Teachers in Diverse Classrooms. John Wiley & Sons.

Noguera, P., Pierce, J., & Ahram, R. (Eds.). (2015). Race, equity, and education: Sixty years from brown. Springer.

Ogbu, J. U. (1995). Cultural problems in minority education: Their interpretations and consequences—Part one: Theoretical background. The Urban Review, 27(3), 189-205.

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